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  1. We report here a case of 56-year-old male presented to emergency with acute onset severe abdominal pain in right lumbar region and with significant past history diabetes mellitus and ischemic heart disease on ...

    Authors: D. Saikiran, V. K. Srinivas, R. S. Vasantha Kumar, Nilu Sunil and M. Harismitha
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2023 35:50
  2. First implemented in the 1950s, telemedicine is a rapidly evolving tool for healthcare systems around the world. Technological advancement and increasing access to information technology have made the implemen...

    Authors: Mason Stoltzfus, Arshdeep Kaur, Avantika Chawla, Vasu Gupta, F. N. U. Anamika and Rohit Jain
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2023 35:49
  3. Immunotherapy medicines (immune checkpoint inhibitors, ICIs) that work directly on the immune system have shown vastly increased survival for people with cancer in phases 2 and 3 clinical studies during the pa...

    Authors: Bahaaeldin Baraka, Hazem Abosheaishaa and Mahmoud Nassar
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2023 35:48
  4. Colonic Dieulafoy’s lesions (DLs) are an extremely rare cause of acute gastrointestinal bleeding. However, it could be presented from self-limiting, mild bleeding episodes up to recurrent, massive life-threate...

    Authors: Mohamed-Naguib Wifi, Abeer Abdellatef and Amr Maged Lasheen
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2023 35:47
  5. Workers in the healthcare industry form the backbone of health systems everywhere. In the face of global health crises like the current monkeypox (mpox) outbreak, healthcare workers like doctors, dentists, pha...

    Authors: AbdulRahman A. Saied, Deepak Chandran, Sandip Chakraborty, Talha Bin Emran and Kuldeep Dhama
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2023 35:46
  6. Thyroid nodules are highly prevalent in the general population; therefore, it is crucial to discriminate benign from malignant nodules. A practical thyroid imaging reporting and data system (TI-RADS) for thyro...

    Authors: Hussein Hassan Okasha, Mona Mansor, Nermine Sheriba, Yasmine Abdelfattah, Dalia Abdelfatah, Hussein El Orabi, Ibrahim N. Elebrashy, Aasem Saif, Amr A. El Meligi, Mostafa Elshazli, Khaled Elsayed Elhadidy, Manal M. Abushady, Elham E. Islam, Tarek M. Yosef, Ahmed Saad El Din Salama, Tarek I. Ouf…
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2023 35:45
  7. Sweet has always been a fundamental human taste, and while glucose and other kinds of sugar are our primary energy sources, they can also have detrimental effects on health, including weight gain, obesity, car...

    Authors: Sandeep Singh, Aditya Kohli, Stuti Trivedi, Sai Gautham Kanagala, F. N. U. Anamika, Nikita Garg, Meet A. Patel, Ripudaman Singh Munjal and Rohit Jain
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2023 35:43
  8. Infection with tuberculosis (TB) still considered a leading infectious cause of death, osteomyelitis TB rare entity, and being extraspinal MDR-TB make it very rare case; most of experience in treating osteomye...

    Authors: Naser Naser, Habib Abdulla and Husain Kadhem
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2023 35:41
  9. Serotonin syndrome (SS) is a rare but potentially life-threatening condition, and it is caused by increasing serotonergic activities. It is an underdiagnosed and under-reported condition. Clinical manifestatio...

    Authors: Hamdy Ibrahim, Safwat Abdel Maksod, Magdy Khorshed, Hanan Rady, Ahmed Alsisi, Adel Mohamed, Omar Alkassas, Marwa Haron and Suzan Saied
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2023 35:40
  10. Malignant hypertension is a model of the rapid changes that a high afterload and renin-angiotensin levels can induce on target organs such as the heart. We present a case of a young man affected by malignant h...

    Authors: Giulia Nardi, Silvia Menale, Valentina Scheggi and Niccolò Marchionni
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2023 35:39
  11. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the fastest growing cause of chronic liver disease worldwide. The prevalence of NAFLD increases in parallel with the increasing prevalence in obesity, metabolic synd...

    Authors: Abeer Abdel-latif, Ula Mabid Al-Jarhi, Dina Hesham, Mona khozam and Shaimaa A. Fathy
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2023 35:38
  12. Leishmaniasis is a protozoal infection transmitted by sandfly vector; there are three main types of leishmaniasis: cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL), mucocutaneous leishmaniasis (MCL), and visceral leishmaniasis (V...

    Authors: Hamdi Ibrahim, Khairy Abd El Hamid, Tarek Abd El Aziz, Ahmed Samir El bahwashy, Hamed Khattab, Basma Aaref and Essam Elsayed
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2023 35:37
  13. Death from unexpected circulatory arrest within 60 min of onset of symptom is known as sudden cardiac death (SCD). In spite of the advancement in treatment and prevention strategies, SCD remains the most commo...

    Authors: Meet A. Patel, Anisha Malhotra, Franck H. Moussinga Mpondo, Vasu Gupta, Rahul Jain, Sachin Gupta and Rohit Jain
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2023 35:36
  14. Necrotising granulomatous diseases of the lungs exhibit a narrow range of differential diagnoses. Tuberculosis accounts for most of these cases, while sarcoidosis is an uncommon entity in this group but both p...

    Authors: Khalifa Abdulrahman Yusuf, Shadi Fayez Kanhosh and Abdulrahman Hasan Al-Madani
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2023 35:35
  15. Copeptin, the stable COOH-terminal portion of pre-provasopressin and a surrogate marker of vasopressin, was shown to be positively associated with the decline in kidney function in the general population. Howe...

    Authors: Nevein Nabil El-Soudany, Sahar Saad El-Din Bessa, Heba Ahmed Morad and Amal Abdel Moniem Selim
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2023 35:31
  16. Secondary bacterial infections are an important cause of mortality in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). All healthcare providers acted with utmost care with the reflex of protecting themselves...

    Authors: Sema Sarı, Ferhat Arslan, Sema Turan, Tuğçe Mengi, Handan Ankaralı, Ahmet Sarı, Mine Altınkaya Çavuş, Çilem Bayındır Dicle, Derya Tatlısuluoğlu, Hüseyin Arıcan, Yahya Tahta and Haluk Vahaboğlu
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2023 35:30
  17. Autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) is a curative treatment for patients with hematological malignancies. Melphalan either alone or in combination with other chemotherapeutic agents is a widely used pr...

    Authors: Mona Mahrous Abdelaty, Fatma Al-Hosiny and Raghda Gabr Mashaal
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2023 35:29
  18. Hypothyroidism is a clinical condition caused by the deficiency of thyroid hormones that are T4 and T3 due to an increase in serum TSH level. The upper and lower limit of T4 and TSH helps to identify the disease....

    Authors: Hansi Sharma and Jagdish Kakadiya
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2023 35:28
  19. A major advancement in the field of medicine has been the introduction and usage of direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) such as dabigatran (Pradaxa), apixaban (Eliquis), and rivaroxaban (Xarelto). DOACs have be...

    Authors: Sharon Wei, Aanchal Sawhney, Harshwardhan Khandait, Amit Meda, Vasu Gupta and Rohit Jain
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2023 35:26
  20. Anti-n-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis is a form of autoimmune encephalitis that remains under-recognized due to the variability of the initial symptoms and can be misdiagnosed as viral encephali...

    Authors: Hamdi Ibrahim, Attaa Ali, Safwat Abdel Maksod, Magdy Khorshed, Mona Wassef, Mostafa Alfishawy, Hanan Rady, Adel Mohamed, Mohamed Mahmod, Khaled Ismael, Marwa Haron, Suzan Said, Riham Adel and Noha Mohamed
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2023 35:25
  21. The pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) originates from multiple tissue defects. Environmental pollutants such like endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) have lately gotten special attention in tri...

    Authors: Yasmin Ibrahim Zanet, Enayat Mohamed Hashem, Mohammed Naguib Dessouky, Magdy Helmy Megalla and Iman Samy Dessouky
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2023 35:23
  22. Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is one of the major causes of ESKD, and its complications are characterized by proteinuria, decreased glomerular filtration, and renal fibrosis resulting in the deterioration of renal...

    Authors: Amr M. Shaker, Maggie E. Mohamed, Tarek Ramzy and Mayssa I. Ali
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2023 35:22
  23. With increasing healthcare demands for acute illness in patients especially in the times of pandemic, healthcare organizations require modern solutions. Hospital at home (HaH) is one such tool that has the pot...

    Authors: Sai Gautham Kanagala, Vasu Gupta, Sunita Kumawat, FNU Anamika, Brian McGillen and Rohit Jain
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2023 35:21
  24. Mycoplasma pneumoniae is one of the leading causes of community-acquired pneumonia. Due to its microbiological variation, clinical presentations of mycoplasma infections are atypical and diverse. Multiple pulmona...

    Authors: Namitha Mohan, Vishal Dnyaneshwar Sawant and Alpana Kondekar
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2023 35:20
  25. We present a case report of an immunocompromised adult with cytomegalovirus infection and APLA positivity complicated by multiple large arterial thrombi. This is a rare presentation as most of the cases report...

    Authors: Garyll Ryan Tariang Blah, Megha Pradeep, C. Shah Harshil and Rajnish Singh
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2023 35:19
  26. Hepatocellular carcinoma represents 85%—90% of primary liver tumors; it represents the 2nd leading cause of cancer-related death all over the world. There is a growing incidence of HCC worldwide and similarly, th...

    Authors: Ahmed Abdel Kareem Ali, Salah El Gamal, Rokiah Anwar, Eman Elzahaf and Dina Eskandere
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2023 35:18
  27. Systemic lupus erythematosus is a chronic multisystem disease that has a considerable morbidity and mortality. Rituximab is used in treating some severe manifestations of systemic lupus erythematosus; however,...

    Authors: Moustafa Ali Saad, Rania Farid Yacoub and Hala Ibrahem El Gendy
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2023 35:15
  28. The COVID-19 pandemic has been associated with millions of deaths around the world. One of the important causes of death associated with COVID-19 was pulmonary thromboembolism. The risk for venous thromboembol...

    Authors: Ahmed Elshafie, Enas Foda, Mahmoud M. G. Yousef and Kareem A. Abd El-Naby
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2023 35:14
  29. Hepatitis C is associated with metabolic effects and fatty liver disease. The effect of different direct antivirals on the liver steatosis, and the metabolic profile, still needs to be established. The aim of ...

    Authors: Ahmed El-Ghandour, Tarek Youssif, Wesam Ibrahim, Hoda Ahmed Abdelsattar, Somia Abd elhamid Bawady, Mariam Wagih and Sarah El-Nakeep
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2023 35:12
  30. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) was previously thought to have a low reinfection rate, but there are concerns that the reinfection rate will increase with the emergence and spread of mutant variants. This ...

    Authors: Nagashige Shimada, Masahiro Shinoda, Hiroaki Takei, Yuto Yoshida, Masashi Nishimura, Mio Kousaka, Miwa Morikawa, Takashi Sato, Hiroto Matsuse and Masaharu Shinkai
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2023 35:13
  31. SARS-CoV-2, the causative agent of COVID-19, claimed multiple lives in a very short span of time. Seeing the urgency of situation, vaccines were developed in hitherto unseen time frame. Vaccines definitely pas...

    Authors: Shahnawaz Muslim, Gulam Mustafa, Nasrin Nasrin, Aaisha Firdaus and Shambhu Kumar Singh
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2023 35:11
  32. Large numbers of elderly patients are admitted to hospitals in acute confusional states. In many, the underlying causes are easily found; in some, correct diagnosis is difficult. Pulmonary embolism (PE), the m...

    Authors: Chidimma A. Ahaneku, Benard B. Akpu, Chibueze H. Njoku, David E. Elem and Bassey E. Ekeng
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2023 35:8
  33. Human monkeypox (MPOX) which recently hit the headlines is a rare, emerging zoonotic disease, only next to smallpox yet never attended adequately to halt the epidemic outbreak threat. MPOX is caused by Orthopox v...

    Authors: Naga Vishnu Kandra, Anjaly Mary Varghese, Praveen Kumar Uppala, Upendrarao Uttaravelli, Butti Lavanya, S. K. M. Shabana, Venkata Saibaba Somarouthu and Murali Krishna Balijepalli
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2023 35:10
  34. Since its discovery, COVID-19 has often been the first diagnosis of dyspnea and asthenia, especially during the pandemic waves. However, it is not always COVID-19. We report a particular case of a late-diagnos...

    Authors: Zamelina Angela Razafindrasoa, Sonia Marcelle Razafimpihanina, Marie Odette Rasoafaranirina, Fidy Arnauld Martin, Finaritra Princy Parfait Andriamahenina, Diamondra Ombanjanahary Andriarimanga, Jocelyn Robert Rakotomizao, Harison Michel Tiaray, Joëlson Lovaniaina Rakotoson and Rondro Nirina Raharimanana
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2023 35:9
  35. The spectrum of gastrointestinal (GI) issues in the older population varies from common physiological age-related changes to devastating, less common sinister pathological illness. GI system has direct exposur...

    Authors: Saurabh Dawra, Pradeep Behl, Sharad Srivastava, Manish Manrai, Alok Chandra, Anupam Kumar, Ankit Kumar and Manveer Singh Tevatia
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2023 35:7
  36. Unusual fungal agents that exist environmentally as saprophytes can often lead to opportunistic infections, hyalohyphomycosis is a group of fungal infections caused by fungi characterized by hyaline septate hy...

    Authors: Hamdy Ibrahim, Mostafa ALfishawy, Attaa Ali, Safwat Abdel Maksod, Magdy Khorshed, Hanan Rady, Ahmed Alsisi, Adel Mohamed, Omar Alkassas, Marwa Haron and Suzan Saied
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2023 35:5
  37. Vascular calcification is a significant risk factor for cardiovascular diseases in patients with end-stage renal disease, particularly those on hemodialysis. Previous research on vitamin K found that it had a ...

    Authors: Howaida Abdelhameed Elshinnawy, Tamer Wahid El-Said, Sarah Farid Fahmy, Ahmed Shamseldin, Sherin Ibrahim and Reem Mohsen Elsharabasy
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2023 35:4
  38. Chronic kidney disease is a growing worldwide public health concern. On the other hand, patients’ perception of health is an important outcome measure in the assessment of the influence of chronic disease and ...

    Authors: Brunilda Elezi, Merita Rumano, Erjona Abazaj and Skender Topi
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2023 35:3