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  1. Nanoplastics (NPs) have emerged as significant environmental pollutants, raising concerns due to their ubiquitous presence and potential adverse effects on human health. The migration and fate of NPs in the en...

    Authors: Gbolahan Olatunji, Emmanuel Kokori, Ikponmwosa Jude Ogieuhi, Udojike I. Chidinma, Oluwatobi Omoworare, Doyin Olatunji, Ajekiigbe Victor Oluwatomiwa, Oyebiyi Babajide Oyewale, Omotade Omolade Dorcas, Varisha Zuhair, Bonu Innocent Shu, Anthony Chidera Stanley and Nicholas Aderinto
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2024 36:62
  2. The progression of liver fibrosis to cirrhosis is a dynamic process necessitating non-invasive evaluation modalities. This study aims to evaluate the ability of Doppler ultrasound studies (DUS) in defining mor...

    Authors: Heba Said Ellaban, Sameh Abdel Mawgoud Afify and Mohamed Saied Abdelgawad
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2024 36:61
  3. Immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is an autoimmune bleeding disorder with a high incidence of chronicity among adults. Rituximab is recommended as a treatment option for chronic ITP with the best long-term effect ...

    Authors: Dina G. El-Saied, Amany M. Dwidar and Mona Mahrous Abdelaty
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2024 36:60
  4. Cardiovascular (CVS) conditions remain the main etiology of death in individuals with chronic kidney disease (CKD) even after control of classic risk factors of cardiovascular disease (CVD).

    Authors: Noher M. Abass, Ahmed. M. Yousef, Eman A. Sabet, Yasser M. Kamal and Mohamed H. El-Rashidy
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2024 36:59
  5. Graves’ disease is the commonest cause of hyperthyroidism in iodine replete areas. Following universal salt iodization, most Egyptians are considered iodine sufficient. The present study aims to report a surve...

    Authors: Tamer Mohamed Elsherbiny and Aliaa Aly El-Aghoury
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2024 36:58
  6. Neuroleptic malignant syndrome is a rare, life-threatening neurologic emergency characterized by fever, rigidity, autonomic instability, mental status changes, and an elevated creatine kinase level. It often o...

    Authors: Sunakshi Sharma, Sanjay Bhat and Zahoor Ahmed
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2024 36:57
  7. Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) is a prevalent disorder that can be led on by almost all drug types. The majority of benign DILI cases become better after drug discontinuation. To stop the development of acut...

    Authors: Soumyadip Roy, Zalak Shah and G. S. Chakraborthy
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2024 36:56
  8. The COVID-19 pandemic has led to a major health crisis, responsible for a very high morbidity in the world. This context represented an organizational challenge and required an adaptation of health services. T...

    Authors: Sara El Maakoul, Loubna Benamar, Naima Ouzeddoun and Tarik Bouattar
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2024 36:54
  9. Obesity and diabetes are interrelated growing problems worldwide. Life style modifications including nutritional intervention are considered the first line in management of diabetes.

    Authors: Shaimaa A. Fathy, Amr El Meligi, Sahar S. AlWakil, Mohamed B. Ahmed and Ghada R. Ahmed
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2024 36:53
  10. The importance of uric acid has been increasingly appreciated because of its association with the development of diabetes mellitus and related diseases, and with the increasing incidence of diabetes, studying ...

    Authors: S. A. Argoons, Esraa Tarek Mahmoud and Rasha A. Madkour
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2024 36:52
  11. Intestinal ultrasound (IUS) is a beneficial tool in the diagnosis and follow-up of patients with inflammatory bowel disease. IUS has long been established in monitoring of Crohn’s disease patients. Recent stud...

    Authors: Sarah El-Nakeep
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2024 36:51
  12. Heavy menstrual bleeding is an important health problem in women of reproductive age and is also one of the most common symptoms in women with bleeding disorders. Data about the frequency of rare bleeding diso...

    Authors: Doaa El Demerdash, Mohamed Talaat El Kholy, Alia Abdel-Aziz Ayad, Noha Tawfik, Magda Rakha, Sonia Adolf Habib, Manal Hamdy EL Said, George Sobhy and Maha Yacoub
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2024 36:49
  13. In December 2019, a cluster of patients with pneumonia of undetermined etiology was recognized in Wuhan, Hubei, China. Subsequently, a novel coronavirus (Severe Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome- related Cor...

    Authors: Ahmed Elmetwally Ahmed, Emad Ahmed Awad, Manal Sabry Mohamed, Abdelrhman Haggag Abdelrady, Moamen Abdelfadil Ismail and Sonya Ahmed Ali El-Gaaly
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2024 36:47
  14. A hospital is a very complex organization because it works on all days, at all hours uninterruptedly. The people visiting a hospital are in pain, and the people working in a hospital are diverse ranging from h...

    Authors: Gurmeet Singh Sarla
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2024 36:46
  15. Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most common aggressive non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), constituting 31% of all NHL. Malignancy and inflammation are closely linked. Inflammatory processes have been ide...

    Authors: Mohamed Ahmed Abdel Hafez, Mahmoud Salah Abdel Salam, Sabry Abdullah Shoeib, Sara Gamal El Meligy and Rania Mohamed Afifi
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2024 36:45
  16. Variceal hemorrhage from the rupture of esophageal varices is accompanied by a substantial mortality rate. So, newly diagnosed cirrhotic patients are recommended to perform screening esophago-gastroduodenoscop...

    Authors: Khaled Mohamed Ali Shehata, Abdul-Allah Ismael Kelany, Salma Mokhtar Osman Hassan, Ramy Mohamed Ahmed, Peter Atef Mounir and Amira Hassan AbdelAziz
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2024 36:44
  17. Intravascular volume assessment is critical to guiding volume management in patients with acute kidney injury (AKI). This study aimed to compare the impact of using inferior vena cava (IVC) diameter and collap...

    Authors: Ahmed ElSaeed AbdulGalil, Aya Fathi Abdelhalem and Ahmed Ahmed Eldeeb
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2024 36:43
  18. Clinical outcomes of ascariasis, one of the most common parasitic infections, are remarkably variable ranging from asymptomatic infection to death. Ascariasis can pair absorption of fats, vitamin A, iodine, an...

    Authors: Bashi Brenda Mugob, Ntonifor Helen Ngum, Clifford Boubga, Foncham Evans Ngwenah and Oumar Mahamat
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2024 36:42
  19. Ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn’s disease (CD) imply chronic intestinal inflammation with both local and systemic manifestations. Cognition is a lifelong process of learning and memory processing, which has ...

    Authors: Amira M. Al Balakosy, Saffaa Askar, Rehab Mohamed Naguib, Sherif Ayman and Hend Mubarak
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2024 36:41
  20. All patients with overt and severe subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH), and some with mild SCH require levothyroxine (L-T4) therapy. The present study aims to report real-world derived weight-based L-T4 doses to ...

    Authors: Tamer Mohamed Elsherbiny
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2024 36:40
  21. Osteoprotegerin is a member of the tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily. The study aimed to assess serum osteoprotegerin and endothelial dysfunction relationship in obese non-diabetic subjects. Elucidati...

    Authors: Ahmed Mohammed Shennawy, Hany William Z. Hanna, Salma Raed, Randa Salam and Sama Ayman
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2024 36:39
  22. Malaria is a serious Anopheles mosquito-borne disease. It is not endemic in Egypt but continues to be imported by travelers returning from endemic areas. The transmission of malaria in non-endemic areas is an ...

    Authors: Hamdy Ibrahim, Safwat Abdel Maksod, Magdy Khorshed, Hanan Rady, Aadel Mohamed, Omar Alkassas, Marwa Haron, Suzan Saeed, Mohamed Mahmod and Khaled Ismail
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2024 36:38
  23. Authors: Roselle Arbas, Sofia Alexis Dayrit, Arah Dimalanta, John Ashley Flores, Arch Raphael Mañalac, Dinah Rose Soriano, Johana Vallo, Raphael Enrique Tiongco and Maria Ruth Pineda-Cortel
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2024 36:36

    The original article was published in The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2024 36:5

  24. Intravenous fluid administration is regarded as a universal therapy in critical care. It is the mainstay of treatment in patients with dehydration, blood loss, sepsis, electrolyte imbalance, and shock. Crystal...

    Authors: Mason Stoltzfus, Aditya Kohli, Priyanshi Shah, Fnu Anamika, Sai Gautham Kanagala, Vasu Gupta, Meet A. Patel and Rohit Jain
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2024 36:35
  25. Bilirubin is a metabolic product of heme, and an increase in its level may be toxic to the body. It may be conjugated or unconjugated. Encephalopathy is caused by unconjugated bilirubin has the ability to pass...

    Authors: Sadhana Kumbhar, Manish Musale and Anas Jamsa
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2024 36:34
  26. Irrational use of antibiotics in hospitals is one of the main health system problems. It leads to antibiotic resistance, adverse events, treatment failure, total treatment costs, and longer hospital stay. We a...

    Authors: Heba Othman Shaker, Manal Naguib, Basant Mohamed Abdelaziz and Marwan Mohamed Salah Eldin El Bourini
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2024 36:33
  27. The periodontal tissue initiates an immune-inflammatory response against bacteria and their products at the site of periodontal infection, and systemic attack by these pathogens triggers an acute phase respons...

    Authors: Shilpi Gupta, Nand Lal, Wahid Ali, Akshyaya Pradhan, Ajay Kumar Verma, Prashant Gupta, Neeraj Kumar, Balendra Pratap Singh and Neeraj Sinha
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2024 36:32
  28. Several studies have suggested a causal link between acute kidney injury and the consequent development of chronic kidney disease. The severity, frequency, and duration of acute injury are key factors in this ...

    Authors: Marwa K. Khairallah, Asmaa A. Gaber, Mohammed H. Maghraby, Marwa A. Dahpy, Simran Singh Parmer and Mohammed H. Mostafa
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2024 36:30
  29. Thyroid nodules were widely encountered in the population, and the selection of thyroid nodules for fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) remains confusing. It is essential to investigate the risk factors ass...

    Authors: Maha Assem Hussein, Yasmine Fathy Elesawy, Dina Esam Abd Al-Rahman Ghoweba and Shrook Mousa
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2024 36:29
  30. The transformation of acute myeloid leukemia with translocation (16;16) (p13; q22) from AML M2 to acute monocytic leukemia (AML M5) during therapy is a rare clinical occurrence, and this is the first time it h...

    Authors: Shams ElDoha Galal ElDin Zaiema and Heba Mohamed Saber Hafez
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2024 36:28
  31. In this study, we evaluated the utility of the TyG index among Filipino patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and explored its association with various laboratory markers.

    Authors: Chastene Christopher Flake, Madonna Morales-Valenzuela, Raphael Enrique Tiongco and Annalyn Navarro
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2024 36:27
  32. We report a case of a 36-year-old female with untreated celiac disease, exhibiting both digestive discomfort and extra-digestive symptoms, including anemia. She subsequently developed a nephrotic syndrome. Bio...

    Authors: Zaineb Kaouiri, Ikram Ftaimi, Meryem Benbella, Rabia Bayahia, Loubna Benamar, Naima Ouzeddoun and Tarik Bouattar
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2024 36:26
  33. In cases of heart failure characterized by reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF), heightened levels of aldosterone negatively impact the progression of heart failure. Aldosterone exerts its influence through the a...

    Authors: H. ElSawi, S. Zidan and A. Elborolosy
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2024 36:25
  34. Interleukin (IL)-36α and IL-38, two novel cytokines of the IL-1 family, have recently been proposed to have a pathophysiological significance in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, there is a paucity of ...

    Authors: Shahad W. Nassurat, Isam N. Salman and Ali H. Ad’hiah
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2024 36:24
  35. Medical malpractice is described as an error made by medical providers towards their patients. For many years, this form of negligence has permeated healthcare and continues to leave a negative impact. Medical...

    Authors: Mahmoud Ali and Branden Tejada
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2024 36:23
  36. Benign auto-immune illnesses include Evans syndrome (ES) and auto-immune hemolytic anemia (AIHA). Despite being benign in nature, the patients’ livers are burdened by the disease’s chronicity and the accompany...

    Authors: Fatma Abozeid, Yasmine Shaaban, Mohamed Elbogdady and Esraa Jamal
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2024 36:22
  37. Inflammation is a cardinal mechanism of diabetic kidney disease (DKD). Interleukin-6 (IL6) is a reliable indicator that plays a role in the progression of DKD. Monocyte-to-lymphocyte ratio (MLR) is also implic...

    Authors: Heba Mahmoud Mohamed Ibrahim, Heba Morad Bahgat, Deena Ahmed Sharshar and Tarek Abdel Azim Ramzy
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2024 36:21
  38. Immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS) is a complex phenomenon commonly diagnosed with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). However, rarely, IRIS can develop with other diseases outside of HIV. We a...

    Authors: Hussain Hussain, Aya Fadel, Ekaterina Casmartino, John Sullivan, Amanda Fernandes, Samantha Garcia and Efrain Garcia
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2024 36:20
  39. Liver fibrosis results from chronic liver injury and is characterized by excessive deposition of extracellular matrix proteins including collagen. It can progress to cirrhosis and liver failure.

    Authors: Tamer A. Addissouky, Majeed M. A. Ali, Ibrahim El Tantawy El Sayed and Yuliang Wang
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2024 36:19
  40. Fishbones are frequently swallowed by foreign objects that can penetrate the gastrointestinal tract. Nonetheless, it is quite uncommon for these fishbones to become lodged within the tract, resulting in the fo...

    Authors: Hussein Hassan Okasha, Ahmed Elsayed Alzamzamy, Hanane Delsa, Haitham fekry Othman, Ahmed sayed Alsibaie and Abeer Abdellatef
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2024 36:18
  41. The SARS-CoV-2 (corona) virus is evolving fast because of the scale at which it has infected people around the world. Updated data is needed to manage Covid-19 efficiently with limited resources. After thoroug...

    Authors: Ila Singh, Vaishali D. Kotasthane and Dhananjay S. Kotasthane
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2024 36:17
  42. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the prevailing primary liver tumor. To pick HCC at the initial stages is quite strenuous, despite the advent of serum biomarkers, mainly alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), to predict th...

    Authors: Amany N. Abbasy, Rasha Saeed, Mohamed M. El Shafei and Mohamed A. Abdel Aziz
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2024 36:16
  43. Diabetes vascular complications are classified as either macrovascular (cardiovascular disease) or microvascular (nephropathy). These complications considerably raise the risk of morbidity and death. Irisin is...

    Authors: Hala Kahla, Mai Abdel Karim Hussein, Noha Taha, Ayman Mohamed Hany and Mona Youssry
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2024 36:15
  44. Evaluation of hypercalcaemia in a patient with chronic kidney disease (CKD) is challenging, especially in low-resource settings. Hormone assays should be interpreted with caution as CKD affects both parathyroi...

    Authors: Pramith Ruwanpathirana, Harsha Dissanayaka, Sachith Munasinghe, Dilushi Wijayaratne, Eranga Wijewickrama, Rushika D. Lanerolle and Prasad Katulanda
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2024 36:14
  45. Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are a heterogeneous group of clonal stem cell-derived disorders manifested by cytopenias peripherally. MDS initiates an inflammatory process which lead to atherosclerosis. Patie...

    Authors: Alaa Efat, Sabry Shoeib, Raafat Abdelfattah, Faten Alaa-Eldeen, Shrief Ramadan, Aly ElKholy and Rana Wahb
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2024 36:13