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  1. Right heart thrombi are a severe form of venous thromboembolic disease and justify diagnosis and treatment in emergency. Free-floating right heart thrombi are a rare phenomenon, generally diagnosed when echoca...

    Authors: Khalid Y. Tohamy, Islam Ali, Mousa Faris and Mousa Akbar
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2014 24:24030108
  2. We describe a rare congenital anomaly in a 39-year-old woman who was referred for a preoperative echocardiographic assessment in February 2012. A double-chambered left ventricle was suspected on transthoracic ...

    Authors: Islam F.H. Ali, Khalid Y. Tohamy and Mousa Akbar
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2014 24:24030105
  3. There is a particular need for noninvasive predictors of esophageal varices (EV) that might help reduce medical, social, and economic costs. Our study aimed at studying the noninvasive predictors of EV.

    Authors: Ahmed A. ElNaggar, Mohamed S. Gomaa and May M. Fawzy
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2014 24:24030097
  4. The platelet count is known to decrease in proportion to the advancement of the stage of liver disease in chronic hepatitis C (CHC) viral infection. The platelet count is currently used as an index for fibrosi...

    Authors: Somayh S. Eissa, Olfat M. Hendy, Fatma Younis, Aziza K. Omar Samy, Ayat R. Abdallah and Laila A. Ahmed
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2014 24:24030083
  5. Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) is a tumor necrosis factor (TNF) family member capable of inducing apoptosis in many cell types. Data suggest that TRAIL/TRAIL receptor expressio...

    Authors: Mustafa Abdelaziz Mustafa, Uomna K. Mohamed and Assem Bastawisy
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2014 24:24030072
  6. Premature development of microvascular and macrovascular disease is the most frequent complication of diabetes. It is responsible for diabetic retinopathy, nephropathy, and neuropathy. Moreover, diabetes leads...

    Authors: Nagwa F. Ahmed, Somayh S. Eissa, Abeer A. Ali, Mona N. Ali, Amal A. Morsy, Sahar M. Ismail and Heba R. Ahmed
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2014 24:24030063
  7. Aortic dissection is an uncommon but very lethal disease. Majority of cases are found in elderly patients with a history of hypertension. Young patients usually have other risk factors such as vasculitis, Marf...

    Authors: Abdulrahman Aldousari, Amir Masud and Mohsin Mahmood
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2014 24:2402054
  8. During the past decade, the number of Egyptians showing overweight and obesity as measured in terms of BMI (kg/m2) has been documented through different surveys. This increase in adiposity has been associated wit...

    Authors: Dalia R. AbdelRahman, Hoda Maamoun and Amin R. Soliman
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2014 24:2402051
  9. The recent discovery of human metapneumovirus (hMPV) as a major respiratory pathogen has been made possible by means of reverse transcriptase-PCR (RT-PCR). Studies published so far have been mostly conducted u...

    Authors: Essam S. Badawy, Sayed Mohamed Abdel Rahman, Mervat Shafik Yousef and and Sayed Z. Bukhary
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2014 24:2402047
  10. Hepatitis C is an infection caused by a virus that attacks the liver and leads to inflammation. Several studies from Europe have reported a high prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in patients with...

    Authors: Aml S. Nasr, Nehad M. Tawfik, Engy M. A. Aziz and Dalia Roushdy
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2014 24:2402043
  11. The lack of a decrease in nocturnal blood pressure to up to 10% of the daytime measure is termed as nondipper (ND) hypertension. It is a cardiovascular (CV) risk factor with increased CV morbidity and accelera...

    Authors: Wael Ragheb Refaie, Ehsan Refaie, Nagy Abd El Hady, Salah Tantawy and Ahmad Elewa
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2014 24:2402037
  12. Diabetes is an established risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD); therefore, the subset of women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) who develop type 2 diabetes mellitus is at an increased risk for...

    Authors: Sayed M. Abel-Rahman, Essam S. Badawy, Ahmad A. Amer and Dalal Fekry
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2014 24:2402032
  13. Essential hypertension is the most prevalent type of hypertension, affecting 90–95% of hypertensive patients. Although no direct cause has been identified, there are many factors such as overactivity of the sy...

    Authors: Ann Abdel Kader, Ayatollah Farouk, Shereen Fathy, Amani Nawito and Khalid Taher
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2014 24:2401012
  14. The hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a leading cause of chronic liver disease (CLD), cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma, as well as the most common indication for liver transplantation in many countries.

    Authors: Enayat O. Ezzat, Somayh E. Suliman, Samiha Abo El-Yazeed, Fatma M. Ahmad and Sahar K. Said
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2014 24:2401005
  15. The aim of this study was to report a rare case of a leaking thoracic aorta aneurysm in a female patient with massive pulmonary embolism. A 70-year-old woman with hypertension who had suffered a cerebral vascu...

    Authors: Shabib Al-Zuabi, Alexander P. Varkey, Safia F. Abdalmaksoud, Hadeel S. Alothman and Ibrahim Alrashdan
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2014 25:25010047
  16. Khat is a natural stimulant from the Catha edulis plant, which grows mainly in Yemen. The liver has been suspected to be vulnerable to the harmful effects of khat use.

    Authors: Iman Ramzy, Mohammad Abdelbary, Hanan Abdelhafez, Dalia Omran, Mansour Al-Amrany and Aqeel M. Al-Shami
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2014 25:25010037
  17. Changes in renal nitric oxide (NO) production have been associated with glomerular hyperfiltration, vascular permeability, albuminuria, glomerulosclerosis, and tubulointerstitial fibrosis. This study aimed at ...

    Authors: Mayssa I. Aly, Mohamed N. Abdalla, Mohamed H.F. El Akad, Samar A.E.M. El-Sheikh and Elham M. Yousief
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2014 25:25010033
  18. Obesity is commonly associated with insulin resistance and hyperinsulinemia and is the most important risk factor for type 2 diabetes. Visfatin is an adipokine that exerts insulin-mimetic effects that stimulat...

    Authors: Samiha A. Abd Rabo, Nagwa A. Mohammed, Somayh S. Eissa, Abeer A. Ali, Sahar M. Ismail and Reham S. Gad
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2014 25:25010027
  19. Renal failure is a common and serious complication of long-standing diabetes mellitus. Diabetes is the most common cause of end-stage renal failure. Transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) is one of the major gro...

    Authors: Karima Y. Ahmed, Walaa F. El-Bazz, Hend A. Mohamed and Maha M. Elkeshky
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2014 25:25010020
  20. Systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), sepsis, and severe sepsis influence total hepatic blood flow. However there are conflicting data on the time of its assessment, methodology, study design, and di...

    Authors: Amany Abd El Maqsoud, Abir Zakaria and Fayrouz Shoukry
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2014 25:25010015
  21. Diabetic nephropathy is one of the debilitating complications of type 2 diabetes and the leading cause for end-stage renal disease requiring renal replacement therapy. Currently identified risk factors do not ...

    Authors: Asmaa I. Ahmed, Noha A. Osman, Mohamed M. NasrAllah and Manal M. Kamal
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2014 25:25010010
  22. Radiographic features of osteoarthritis (OA) do not correlate with its symptoms at the individual patient level; thus, conventional radiography has limitations. Ultrasonography plays an important role in the d...

    Authors: Gaafar Ragab, Mohamed A. El-Ghobary and Rasmia M. El Gohary
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2012 24:24030093
  23. Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and type 2 diabetes are two common disorders with high impact on health worldwide. There is growing evidence to support the concept that HCV is associated with type 2 diabetes.

    Authors: Mona Abdel Raouf, Zeinab A. Yousry, Olfat M. Hindy, Somayh S. Eissa and Dalia S. Soliman
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2012 24:2401017